Yoga dictionary

  • Abhirivesha – resistance to change (one of the kleshas)
  • Abhyāsa – practice, discipline
  • Ahimsa – non-violence (one of the yamas)
  • Ananda-maya kosha – bliss body
  • Anna-maya kosha – food body, physical body/self
  • Aparigrahah – non-covetousness (one of the yamas)
  • Asana – physical posture ◦ A moving meditation
  • Asmita – ego (one of the  kleshas)
  • Asteya – non-stealing (one of the yamas)
  • Atman – the real self
  • Avidya – not knowing (one of the kleshas)
  • Bandhas – energy locks which direct and regulate the flow of prana
  • Bhakti – devotional Yoga ◦  It is the path of Yoga thorough discipline of one’s will and mind, a path to intuitive realisation of the supreme through intense love and affection.
  • Brahmacarya – change towards a higher ideal (one of the yamas)
  • Chakra – an internal wheel of energy contained as a focal point in the non-physical subtle body
  • Dharana – concentration and cultivating inner perceptual awareness ◦ Apply eka grata – one-pointedness, fixation of the mind on one object
  • Dhayna – devotion and meditation on the Divine ◦ Either with (saguna) or without seat (niguna).
  • Doshas – mind-body types
  • Dvesha – aversion (one of the  kleshas)
  • Esvarapranidhanani – devotion to God
  • Ida nadi – carries manas shakti or the mental force and controls all mental processes.
It represents the moon and is cooling.
 Feminine, nourishing, purifying, devotional, imagination, tamasic
  • Jalandhara bandha: Jalandhara derives from the roots jal, meaning “throat,” and dhara, meaning “flow.” It is performed by bringing the chin down towards the chest; therefore, it is also called the “chin lock.” Practicing this bandha improves the function of the thyroid and parathyroid glands, as well as supports the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
  • Jnana – the philosophical approach ◦ The Yoga of knowledge (jnana) and wisdom. This is the intellectual path to spiritual evolution where the mind is used to examine its own nature. The destination of jnana Yoga is Viveka – the discrimination between the real and unreal. Jnana Yoga destroys ajnana (ignorance), where the person identifies with the illusory vehicles of the body, mind and senses.
  • Kapha – dosha linked to the element WATER – heaviness, cold, tenderness, softness, slowness, lubrication
  • Karma Yoga – the Yoga of action, the path of selfless practice; the Yoga of service, i.e. action without consideration of desire or selfish need. Karma itself refers to the spiritual concept of cause and effect; it encompasses all actions a person makes with their mind and body. All activity creates karma, specifically the intention behind the activity.
  • Kleshas – Illusive perceptions ◦ Obstacles that stop us from achieving yoga ◦ Negative mental states that cause suffering ◦ Impediments to spiritual growth
  • Kosha – the five progressively subtler bodies that compose our personality are described in a Yoga classic called the Taittiriya Upanishad.
  • Maha bandha: ‘supreme bandha’ or ‘triple lock’. Maha means ‘great’. This final bandha is named as such because it provides the health benefits of all three previous bandhas. Maha bandha is practiced by performing the first three bandhas simultaneously, beginning with jalandhara bandha and ending with mula bandha. These bandhas are released in the reverse order, with mula bandha first and jalandhara bandha last.
  • Manas shakti -mental force
  • Mano-maya – body made of mind
  • Mula bandha: root energy lock; mula is a Sanskrit word meaning “root.” It involves contracting the perineum muscles inward, then lifting them upward to hold energy. Performing mula bandha promotes energy flow to the rectum, stimulating the pelvic muscles and urogenital organs. It also awakens the individual’s kundalini power.
  • Nadis – subtle channels of energy for the flow of consciousness
  • Niyamas – personal observances ◦ The attitude we adopt towards ourselves as we create a code for living soulfully
  • Pingala nadi – conveys prana shakti or pranic force and controls all vital processes .
It represents the sun and heat.
 It’s masculine, purifies like a fire, brings dynamism and efficiency to body, motivation vitality, male power, vigor, stamina, makes a pure male, rajistic
  • Pitta – dosha linked to the element FIRE – hotness, moist, liquid, sharp, heat
  • Prana shakti – vital force
  • Prana-maya kosha – body made of vital breath or prana
  • Pranayama – control of the vital energy ◦ Prana comes in the body in five ways: breath, food, sunlight, water, contact with clothes & people
  • Pratyahara – withdrawal of the senses
  • Raga – addiction (one of the  kleshas)
  • Raja – the scientific approach ◦ A structural framework divided into eight limbs. Its goal is the state of Samadhi and its chief practice is meditation. It is a retronym for Patanjali’s Ashtanga Yoga system.
  • Sadhana – means of accomplishing something – once you imbue sadhana with greater consciousness, you become skilled at sustaining the same level of awareness
  • Samadhi – union with the Divine ◦ Enlightenment, Self-relisation
  • Samtosa – contentment (one of the niyamas)
  • Satya – truthfulness (one of the yamas)
  • Sauca – cleanliness (one of the niyamas)
  • Shakti –  divine feminine creative power
  • Shiva – male destructive power
  • Sthira – steadiness
  • Sukham – ease
  • Sushumna nadi – carries Athma Shakti or spiritual force.
Runs through the center of the spine
  • Svadhyaya – self-study (one of the niyamas)
  • Tapah – austerity (one of the niyamas)
  • Uddiyana bandha: core energy lock. Uddiyana means “to rise up.” In this second bandha, energy moves upward more forcefully than it does in mula bandha. Uddiyana bandha stimulates the abdominal muscles as they are pulled in, while the chest lifts upward. Though it is highly recommended for those struggling with constipation, uddiyana bandha can also boost the practitioner’s metabolism and promote healthy function of the adrenal gland, thereby relieving stress and tension. It also energizes the heart chakra (anahata), promoting kindness and compassion.
  • Vairagya – non-attachment, dispassion
  • Vata – dosha linked to the element AIR – dry, cold, light, minute andd movement
  • Vijñana-maya – body made of consciousness
  • Yamas – universal morality – They purify human nature and contribute to the health and happiness of society